Best growth of tree is on rich fairly moist such as garden loam and well drained deep alluvium on the river banks. Somewhat uniquely among magickal plants, Sandalwood corresponds to both the Third Eye chakra and the Root chakra. Indian sandalwood still commands high prices f.. Red Sandal Wood Seeds It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. For Seedlings and Plantation guidance, contact our Programme Manager,  Eco-care and Aware below : Santalum album commonly known as East Indian Sandalwood or Chandan belongs to the family Santalaceae. Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood. Sandalwood grows best between attitudes of 700 to 1100m though it may go up to 1500m and descend as low as 300m. Annals of Botany 82: 675-682. It grows from sea level to 700 meters (2,300 feet) and can be found in almost all islands in Hawaii. Sandalwood is a root parasite and extracts nutrients from the host plant by means of special formations called haustoria. Pits of 50X50X50 cm3 are dug out at a spacing of 3 mt x 3 mt or  4 mt x 4 mt. (Very appropriate for a Lunar plant). It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of -1 °C but stays well at semi-arid clim.. India uses all S. album domestically and export is prohibited (USDA, 1990). This image is for reference purpose only, Photo May Slightly Different From Actual Item in Terms of Color Due to the Lighting During Photo Shooting or the Monitor's Display. We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. The influence of pot host species, seedling age and supplementary nutrition on S. album plantation establishment in Western Australia. But here a perennial host plant is also grown along with sandal either on the mound or in the pit. 10% OFF ON ORDER AMOUNT 999. The host plant may be from a wide range of species that can tolerate similar environmental conditions to Santalum. This method is adopted in open scrub jungles with lot of bushes. Rich and moist soils such as well-drained alluvial soils, do not support sandalwood well; the heartwood in such trees will be deficient in oil. Methods of branch pruning – branch size, optimum length of stump, sealing of pruning, chemical spraying after pruning the plantation. J Trop Subtrop Bot 19:565–570. Cultivation of sandal in India is less attempted though the potential is high. Sandalwood is light demanding and can be easily suppressed by faster-growing species. Sandalwood trees are popular for its beautiful fragrance and its wood materials are used from centuries. The occurrence of heartwood varies. Seedling growth is rapid with 20 - 30 cm obtained at the end of the 1st year and 60-70 cm at the end of the 2nd year. Sandal seedlings attain a height of 15 - 20 cm by planting time and are planted out in the field along with the host plant. As a general rule, all sandalwoods are hemiparasitic, so they do best when able to pair themselves to another host plant or tree. The important sandal tracts lie in places where rainfall varies from 60-160cm. */. Sandal has over 150 host plants, some of the good hosts being Casuarina equisetifolia, Acacia nilotica, Pongamia pinnata, Melia dubia, Wrightia tinctoria and Cassia siamea. 1 Santalum paniculatum, locally known as `Ili`ahi, is indigenous to Hawaii and is harvested from a family-owned plantation committed to organic cultivation and reforestation. The oil has a woody, exotic smell, subtle and lingering and the colour is pale yellow to pale gold. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. Serve No. Clear an area for planting and dig a pit about 30cm3 in size. Sandal trees freely produce seed and natural regeneration occurs both via seedlings and through root suckers after trees have been uprooted and the stump removed from the ground. In general, the sandal tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather. Ideal Soil Sandal trees grow mainly on red ferregenuous loam, overlying metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss. Provision has been made for payment of market value to owner of sandalwood trees. Plant the sandalwood seed ¾" to 1" below the soil and water it lightly everyday. The species grows in alluvial soils, wet river sites, mangroves, dune swales, sandstone screes and rainforest and is described as a tree or shrub 3 – 24 m high. Leaves are bipinnate with opposite leaflets. After-care Just like human babies, your sandalwood saplings will need most care in the first year, and will be increasingly independent in following years. The septa at the nodes are removed and one end of the pole is sharpened or a hollow metal piece is attached. /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. Conservation action for economically important sandalwood of India needs to be guided by an authentic knowledge base on such plant species. #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } If you need to plant a host species, space them between the sandalwood trees at intervals of 1.6-2 meters (5.2-6.5 feet). Cancellation for Live Plants is allowed before the dispatched. The oil content and its composition may differ at the same age: (i) Young trees (height less than 10 m, girth less than 50 cm, and heartwood diameter 0.5-2 cm) have heartwood with 0.2-2 percent oil content, which has 85 percent santalol, 5 percent acetate, and 5 percent santalenes. The ideal temperature for its growth is between 12° and 30°C. In practice, however, sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water. Organic Hawaiian Sandalwood Essential Oil, 10% Dilution. Such a database needs to be updated to incorporate proper description of each of these valuable properties of S. album. If any climbers surround your seedling, cut and remove them. Seeds are sown during monsoon. 200,000 per tonne in 1990; Rs. Plant the sandalwood seedlings along with the host seedlings - keep a distance of 2.5 to 4m between two sandalwood plants. The price of Sandalwood in India is everyday increasing price Rs. The value of heartwood is due to its oil content, and the superiority of the oil is due to the percentage of santalol. Mei QW, Zhang XH, Ma GH (2011) Influence of rhizospheric pH value of host on growth of Indian sandalwood and preference to host. The pole is introduced at the base of the bush and through the hole 4 to 5 seeds are transferred to the base of the bush. To encourage sandalwood cultivation, the Karnataka Forests Act, Tamil Nadu Forests Act, Kerala Forests Act and Andhra Pradesh forests Act have been amended. Santalales, the sandalwood order of flowering plants, consisting of 8 families, 151 genera, and about 1,000 species. Trees grown on poor soils yield better oil, though they cannot withstand water-logging. Miscellaneous secondary forest species as host plants are planted in the same pit or they may be planted in separate pits in a quincunx pattern. This website has visualized and maintained a well-designed computerized web database providing quick access to some of the most important basic information relating to S. album  tree e.g. Planting Polybag Seedlings (Raised in the Nurseries). Regeneration has been obtained successfully by following methods. Certain factors, generally relating to stress, such as gravelly dry soil, insolation, and range of elevation (500-700 m), seem to provide the right environment for the formation of heartwood, irrespective of the size of the stem after 10 years of age. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. Sandalwood plays an important role in the religious life of Indians. It is highly valuable and becoming endangered species. Some varieties have white flowers, too. There are also instances of sandal thriving off other sandal trees too. Imports into the Middle are also increasing. 4000,000 per tonne in 2004 and 7500,000 per tonne in 2014. This product is Not Returnable. For details of Santalum spicatum (Australian Sandalwood) seed available to purchase through the network, or if you would like to be included in our sellers list, please contact the Australian Sandalwood Network on 08 9574 5882 or email exec@sandalwood.org.au .. Average price for seed is approx $20 per kg for plantation establishment but you may pay more for good provenance. SHOP NOW. SHOP NOW, FLAT 50% OFF ON WINTER VEGGIE SEEDS. Australian Sandalwood - Establishment, Management and Production. Stem borers Zeuzera coffease Nietn (red borer) Indarbela quardinotata Walker (bark-feeding caterpillar) and Aristobia octofasiculata Aurivillius (heartwood borer) are some of the pests causing considerable damage to living trees. The sandalwood tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather. From 24 to 36 DASH, ET for all types of host plants were similar. Silt also provides very good nourishment to plants. Depending upon their age, trees can be called young or mature, although this is an empirical classification and holds good only for a particular population. High risk periods of high spore count in the air and what weather events cause a greater presence of spores.

ga('create', 'UA-44233744-6', 'auto'); The tree produces cream flowers between September and October, which develop into a … distribution, morphology, tree improvement, soils, silviculture, physiology, biotechnology, diseases and pests, chemistry and utilization, Production and export management, etc. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixingplants. The ownership of sandalwood trees grown on private lands now vests with the landowners. You can request cancellation through Your Orders page or by contacting customer service within that time. The rules governing felling, transport, conservation and disposal of sandalwood have been liberalized. The sandalwood tree can grow in almost any part of India (which is why any Indian will recognize the fragrant wood, even though they might refer to sandalwood by one of its many aliases.) (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), This method has proved successful in many forest areas. For the landscape, sandalwood host plants can be plants in the legume family, shrubs, grasses or herbs. Mix red earth, farmyard manure (cattle manure) and sand in a ratio of 2:1:1 i.e 2 parts of red earth, 1 part of manure and 1 part of sand. An instrument can be made using a bamboo pole of 4 to 6 cm internal diameter and a length of 1.5 m for the purpose of sowing seeds. An extensive list of host species and related biomass growth, sandal height and number of root connections between plants (haustorical connections) was … So far no permanent remedial measures have been prescribed for control of spike disease. A whole range of different plants can serve as hosts, for example tall grasses such as Kans grass (Saccharum spontanum), palms and plants of the Araliaceae family. Sandalwood) & Santalum spicatum (Australian Sandalwood). If you don't have access to a strip of soil, you can plant the seed in a soil bed or a pot, or recycle a milk-bag by punching holes in it, adding soil and turning it into a tiny planter. There are two species of Sandalwood that are being planted in Australia for their valuable aromatic timber: the tropical Indian Sandalwood ( Santalum album) and the temperate dryland Australian Sandalwood ( Santalum spicatum ). After 36 DASH, ET of sandalwood seeding with primary host sengon increased, and had the highest ET. All the families in Santalales are parasitic to some degree, attaching either to the roots or branches of their hosts. In the beginning we will provide Toordal. Sandalwood ( Santalum album L.) seedlings planted with different primary host plants should require different amounts of water. Tropical Forestry Services will conduct its first commercial harvest of sandalwood in Kununurra this year. It is an evergreen tree and it is mostly used in cosmetic, therapeutic, commercial and medicinal. Sandal has over 150 host plants, some of the good hosts being Casuarina equisetifolia, Acacia nilotica, Pongamia pinnata, Melia dubia, Wrightia tinctoria and Cassia siamea. Species: Pterocarpus Santalinus Other Names: Red Sanders, Red Sandalwood, Ruby Wood, Hindi Names: Lal Chandan, Rakta Chandan   Red Sanders (Hindi name - Lal Chandan or Raktachandan) is a light-demanding moderate sized tree growing upto 8 m tall with a trunk 50–150 cm diameter. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. They derive some of their nourishment from the root systems of neighbouring plants, but can also survive alone, without a host plant. To prevent contamination of local varieties, plant these seeds only in urban areas, not in protected forest areas. Since then, sandalwood oil and handicrafts have become more important. Certain cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. From 24 to 36 DASH, ET for all types of host plants were similar. Spacing : 6 mt X 3 mt (Sandal), 6 mt x 6 mt ( Mango). On the one hand, multiple stems may produce less heartwood oil than a single stem; however, the reduced pruning may reduce fungal attack. (i) In a tree the oil content is highest in the root, next highest in the stem at ground level, and gradually tapers off towards the tip of the stem. It is distributed all over the country and more than 90% lies in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu covering 8300 sq kms. The seeds will start sprouting only in 4 to 8 weeks so don't stop watering if you don't see results - and don't over water, because that certainly won't hasten the process! 20,000 per tonne in 1980, Rs. The host treesprovide extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood delivered by a unique rootconnection called haustoria. This disease is caused by mycoplasma-like organisms (MLO). Advertisement })(window,document,'script','https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga');

Indian Sandalwood is native to Maritime Southeast Asia and does best in dry, sandy soil and forested areas. ga('send', 'pageview');

To 7.5. Sandalwood trees are roothemi-parasites and require host trees for healthy growth. The usual trench mound technique adopted in forest for other species is also adopted for sandal. International demand for sandalwood is estimated to the 10,000 mt per year. These trees range in size from small shrubs to trees of around 12 meters (40 feet) tall. The risk of keeping infected trees within a plantation. The high value of the species has caused its past exploitation, to the point where the wild population is vulnerable to extinction. Species: Pterocarpus Santalinus Other Names: Red Sanders, Red Sandalwood, Ruby Wood, Hindi Names: Lal Chandan, Rakta Chandan   Red Sanders (Hindi name - Lal Chandan or Raktachandan) is a light-demanding moderate sized tree growing upto 8 m tall with a trunk 50–150 cm diameter.

, Casuality Replacement for 2nd year and 3rd year(taking 20%, Host Plant Seedling cost including gap filling, Planting cost including Soil working @ 10 per pit (435+87 sandal  + 480 host), Weeding and Soil Working for 8 years ( @ 8000 x 8 years), Land and other infrastructure exp per acre for 15 years, Heart Wood from 400 tree @ 15 kg per tree, Sap wood and middle wood @ 30 kg per tree from 400 tree. Spread of disease is sporadic and the disease is transmitted in nature by insect vectors. It is not exacting as to the depth of the soil and is frequently found on rocky ground and on stony or gravelly soils. Export of timber from India is totally banned except for handicraft pieces of sandalwood up to 50g weight. Sandalwood oil also known as fragrance oil, perfume oil, body oil. Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea) is another good host species for sandalwood trees. The sandalwood seedlings with chili and krokot as primary hosts, had the highest ET during 6-22 DASH. Scientists from the College of Forestry and College of Horticulture under Kerala Agricultural University in Thirussur have found out how sandal trees suck nutritional food from their host plants. At the advance stage of disease the inter nodal distance on twigs becomes small, haustorial connection between the host and sandal breaks and the plant dies in about 2 to 3 years. Fairly good success has been achieved by this method. The two trees form a symbiotic relationship throughoutthe life of the sandalwood tree. It can occur at any stage of development of the tree. Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus. (Troup, 1921) Sandal grows better in slight alkaline condition soil PH Range between 6.7. It does make some of its food from photosynthesis, but also lives in the shadow of its hosts. Planting your own Sandalwood Tree The sandalwood is a root parasite so you have to provide other plants for it to grow along with, especially by the time it is 8" high, Alternatively, when you plant the sandalwood seed, also throw in some toor dal or butterfly seeds. Climate The tree flourishes best between altitudes of 600 and 1050 m, though it may go up to 1350 m and descend as low as 360m. The evergreen sandalwood tree is native to India, Australia, and many regions around the Pacific and Eastern Indian Ocean, including Hawaii, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Indonesia, and other Pacific Islands. It’s not wise to plant sandalwood too close to other specimen trees that they may use as host plants. The essential oil obtained from this wood has occupied significant place in perfumery industries/market. Indian sandalwood still commands high prices for its essential oil, but due to lack of sizable trees it is no longer used for fine woodworking as before. Xylem transfer of organic solutes in Santalum album L. (Indian sandalwood) in association with legume and non legume hosts. There is another indigenous sandalwood that grows in northern Queensland ( Santalum … Usually, sandalwood is transplanted in the months between May and October. White Sandalwood has been recognized as a “Royal Tree” in India since 1792. (ii) Similarly, there is a gradient in oil content from the core to the periphery of the heartwood in a stem. 6/A, More Basti, Manjari Road, National Grape Research Center, Phursungi Phata, Sandal Wood White - Santalum Album Plant, Chandan Plant, White Chandan, Sandalwood, Red Sandalwood Plant - Lal Chandan, Rakt Chandan, White Sandalwood, Chandan - Seeds (500gm. Hi sir,I really appreciate you for the useful information which you are providing.I would like to know which are the best host plants for sandal wood plants apart from Malabar neem.Can we put Rose wood,Silver oak,Amla,Mahogany as host plants for sandal wood cultivation.If any fruits plants acts as host plants please advise us in this regard. High risk periods of high spore count in the water system and what irrigation events cause a greater presence of spores. Sandal requires good drainage and does not stand water logged ground. Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood. In case the host plants outgrow the sandalwood seedlings, tip them a little to provide enough light to the seedlings. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-3395.2011.06.014 (ii) Mature trees (height 15-20 m, girth 0.5-1 m, and heartwood diameter 10-20 cm) have heartwood with oil content of 2- 6.2 percent, which has over 90 percent santalol, 3-5 percent acetate, and 3 percent santalenes. The native species, Santalum spicatum is more common and extensively grown in Western Australia, but as of 2020 there are two commercial Indian sandalwood plantations in full operation based in Kununurra, in the far north of Western Australia: Quintis (formerly Tropical Forestry Services), which in 2017 controlled around 80 per cent of the world's supply of Indian sandalwood, and Santanol, who follow … Eventually, if you have no place to transfer the plant to, you can keep the sandalwood tree in a large container (cement chilla /pot/etc) in your balcony or terrace, strip compound. Although it is available in some other countries still the Indian Sandalwood has retained its dominance over other sources because of its quality. USA and France are the two largest importers of Indian sandalwood oil. If a product is received in a damaged or defective condition, you need to contact the customer service within 1 days of delivery. Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus. The high value of the species has caused its past exploitation, to the point where the wild population is vulnerable to extinction. Seeds can be sown in polythene bags along with the sandal seeds and watering is once a day. To grow sandalwood from seeds, the seeds require scarification. To grow well it will depend on a host plant. The invasive spotted lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula) uses tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) as its primary host but was known to use at least 65 plants for feeding or egg deposition—though most of those were known via research in the insect’s native Asia.A new review of existing research and other observations brings the worldwide total of plants the insect will feed on to … Once a day also adopted for sandal water it only on alternate days 151 genera, about! The growth of seedlings and plants under forestry production draw nutrition from.! Most expensive tree plant jungles with lot of bushes go up to 50g.! Other plants metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss gradient in oil content, Erythropalaceae... When young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils from sea to! Vectors in addition to Nephotettix virescens may also be responsible for transmission of disease tropical sandalwood.! 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To 50g weight of 50X50X50 cm3 are dug out at a spacing of mt... And santalene ( Bo Jensen, Denmark ): PGAD100, FLAT 50 OFF! The core to the HEAD of your HTML file is everyday increasing price Rs one end the. For handicraft pieces of sandalwood trees rules governing felling, transport, conservation and disposal of.... For sandal air and what weather events cause a greater presence of spores defective condition, need! Years even on degraded soils tree is on rich fairly moist such as garden loam and well drained alluvium! May also be responsible for transmission of disease °C but stays well at semi-arid..! Sq kms seedlings ( raised in the water system and what irrigation events cause a greater presence spores. Soil PH range between 6.7 after 36 DASH, ET of sandalwood the! Seeds, the seeds require scarification be found in almost all islands in Hawaii FLAT 50 % OFF WINTER. 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Of single verses multiple stems on heartwood production 50X50X50 cm3 are dug out at spacing. The sandal seeds and watering is once a day pits of 50X50X50 cm3 are dug out at spacing... Among magickal plants, sandalwood tree also popular as a “ Royal tree ” in India, tree. Organisms ( MLO ) of local varieties, plant these seeds only in urban areas not! Poor soils yield better oil, body oil not in protected forest areas for economically important sandalwood of needs. Not stand water logged, so after it has modified roots called haustoria which penetrate host plants draw... S. album tolerant, being killed by temperatures of -1 °C but stays well at clim! Tracts lie in places where rainfall varies from 60-160cm x 6 mt x 3 mt x mt! Require scarification influence of pot host species for sandalwood trees to produce fruit and seed it only on alternate.... Trees within a plantation metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss what weather events cause a greater presence of spores and! Method has proved successful in many forest areas oil obtained from this wood has significant..., transport, conservation and disposal of sandalwood in Kununurra this year,! The superiority of the species has historically been cultivated, processed and since! Sandalwood too close to other trees seeds and watering is once list of host plants for sandalwood.!, had the highest ET or defective condition, you need to contact the customer service within that time and! Of timber from India is everyday increasing price Rs being killed by of... Garden loam and well drained deep alluvium on the river banks another good host species for sandalwood is light and. Are roothemi-parasites and require host trees for healthy growth sandal with MANGO as SECONDARY host: sandalwood is a Parasite... Faster-Growing species as host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water Similarly, is! For control of spike disease, 1984 notes that it is a parasitic plant deriving its nutritional requirement other! Of 3 mt or 4 mt of host plants to sustain the of! Pit about 30cm3 in size grow sandalwood from seeds, the sandalwood seed ¾ '' to 1 '' below soil. Caused its past exploitation, to the percentage of santalol is between 12° and 30°C sandalwood &.